A baby or young child has a much lower immunity to common diseases such as diarrhoea, flu and cold. Hence, as parents, knowing what the symptoms of some of the common childhood illness and how to deal with them is essential.
Remember too, that besides being prone to falling sick, children are also more prone to injury. In the process of climbing, walking, jumping and exploring, they may cause injury to themselves if they are not careful.
Parents will thus need to be mindful of potential safety hazards around the house and how to prevent and deal with injuries.
Below is a guide to some of the common childhood illnesses:
|Sore Eyes (Conjunctivitis)|
|Rubella (German Measles)|
Child Safety at home
Prevention is better than cure, to minimise the chances of injury, take steps to prevent your child from getting hurt by observing the following rules:
A child or baby may fall off the bed or furniture, slip in the bathroom and trip himself over toys and other objects.
Never leave babies or small children alone on beds, changing tables or furniture, and near open windows.
Use safety gates to block off access to the stairs or kitchen, and make it a point to pick up items on the floor that may cause the child to trip and fall.
Ensure that any slippery carpets or rugs are secured with a rubber mat underneath them.
Preventing scalds and burns
Scalds and burns tend to happen in the kitchen, so never allow children to play near or in the kitchen and use safety gates to block off access to the area.
Make sure the handles of your pots are turned towards the back of the stove and beyond the reach of your child and be careful not to open the oven or microwave door when your child is nearby.
Keep candles, lighters and matches away from your child’s reach and teach him or her not to play with fire.
Avoid putting hot soups, food or beverages at the edge of the table or counter tops which can be easily pulled off by children.
The majority of home drownings occur in the bathtub and in pools. Hence, you should never leave your child alone in the bathroom.
A child can drown even in a small pail of water, hence make sure pails are covered securely if they are used to store water.
Make sure bathroom mats are non-slip to prevent tripping and accidental drowning in bathtubs.
Preventing suffocation and choking
Children often put things that they find into their mouths. Make it a point to keep small items off the floor and out of a child's reach.
Avoid giving your child small, hard candy which may cause him or her to choke and suffocate.
Phone cords and cords from window blinds should be securely tied and kept out of a child's reach as these may cause strangulation.
Children are curious may mistake pills for candy or colourful washing liquids for juices.
To help prevent accidental poisoning, never refer to medicine as sweets or your child may try and eat one when you are not looking.
Store medicine and washing liquids, insecticides and other toxic substances under lock and key and away from your child’s reach.